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Mount Kilimanjaro National Park by any name is a metaphor for the compelling beauty of East Africa. When you see it, you understand why. Not only is this the highest peak on the African continent it is also the tallest free-standing mountain in the world, rising in breathtaking isolation from the surrounding coastal shrubland – elevation around 900 meters to an imperious 5,895 meters (19,336 feet).
Tanzania Kilimanjaro National Park is one of the world’s most accessible high summits, a beacon for visitors from around the world. Most climbers reach the crater rim with little more than a walking stick, proper clothing and determination. And those who reach Uhuru Point, the actual summit, or Gillman’s Point on the lip of the crater, will have earned their climbing certificates. But there is so much more to Kili than her summit. The ascent of the slopes is a virtual climatic world tour, from the tropics to the Arctic. Even before you cross the national park boundary (at the 2,700m contour), the cultivated foot slopes give way to lush montane forest, inhabited by elusive elephant, leopard, buffalo, the endangered Abbot’s duiker, and other small antelope and primates. Higher still lies the moorland zone, where a cover of giant heather is studded with otherworldly giant lobelias.
Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa. It means mountain of Light or Mountain of Greatness.
One of the largest single freestanding mountains in the world and is unique in being so close to the equator and yet having yearlong ice glaciers, and boasts the largest alpine desert of all the glaciated mountains in East Africa.
Climbing the Mountain takes you on a journey up her slopes of a climatic world tour from the tropics to the Arctic. The grassy slopes turn to lush rainforest, inhabited by wild animals. Above the tree line is heath and moorland, dominated by giant heathers, and then surreal alpine desert and finally the regal beauty befitting the top of the African continent, smattered by ice and snow.
Extrodinar sunrises and sunsets
Only place where snow is found in Africa
Wild animals on the slopes of the mountain
Kilimanjaro in tanzania covers an area of 756 sq km of which an area above 2,700 meters is part of the mountain. The base of the mountain measures at 50 x 80 km.
At an altitude of 5,895 m above sea level Kilimanjaro is composed of one extinct volcano – Shira (3,962 m); and two dormant volcanoes – Mawenzi (5,149 m) and Kibo (5,894 m).
It has 6 climbing routes through the Kilimanjaro Forest Reserve, namely Marangu, Mweka, Umbwe, Machame, Shira and Rongai.
Heaviest rainfall to the southeast forested slopes from March to May
Shorter rains from November to December
Driest months are from August to October
The northern slopes receive far less rainfall. Both the rainfall and the temperature decrease with altitude up to the summit where there is permanent ice and below freezing temperatures.
The clearest and warmest conditions are from December – February, but also dry (and colder) from July – September.
Hiking and climbing the Mountain – can be accomplished by any normal, fit person.
Kilimanjaro Climbing Routes
Climbs mount kilimanjaro
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Kearsley (T) Ltd.
16, Zanaki Street, P. O. Box 801,
Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
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Tel: +255 22 2137713